Diagnosis and prospects of local arrangements for public use management models in coastal and marine protected areas

Location: Brazilian coast.

Partners: Raiz Assessoria Socioambiental and the UNESP Coastal Environmental Planning and Management Laboratory (LAPLAN)  – São Paulo Coastal Campus.

Date: May 2017 to June 2018.


Public usage activities in Conservation Units (UC) have received increasing attention due to the possibilities of raising visitors’ awareness, generating income and support for the financial sustainability of these natural spaces. In response to a request from Linha D’Água Institute, between May and December 2017 the partnership involving LDA, Raiz Assessoria Socioambiental and LAPLAN prepared a diagnosis which identified different local arrangements for public usage in coastal and marine protected areas in Brazil. This work was undertaken based on internet searches, telephone interviews with local actors all over Brazil and field work in the region ranging from the bay of Ilha Grande, in Rio de Janeiro, along the entire coastline of São Paulo, to the bay of Paranaguá, in Paraná. The results included diverse cases in which local communities and actors offer high quality public usage services within their traditional territories and in protected areas. The arrangements are established using different instruments provided within the National Conservation Unit System (SNUC) and other legal dispositions (for example, the Public Private Partnership law and the Third Sector Regulatory Framework).

Currently there is considerable discussion around this subject, and the Linha D’Água Institute sought to contribute to the debate showing the diversity and complexity involved in public usage of Brazilian conservation units. The outcomes of this diagnosis were an illustrated booklet with the main results, a technical report on the entire work and the meeting “Public Usage Paths”, held in June 2018.